Insomnia Treatment in Baltimore, MD

Insomnia occurs in 50 percent of us at some point during our lives. It is a large class of conditions in which patients have difficulty initiating sleep and/or difficulty maintaining sleep. Patients with these symptoms are usually referred to a sleep clinic when the symptoms have continued for more than a few weeks. Acute forms of this are often dealt with by the primary care physician particularly if obvious stressors were the cause.

The team of sleep specialists at Pulmonary and Critical Care Associates of Baltimore are all board-certified by the American Board of Sleep Medicine and have extensive experience diagnosing and treating insomnia. If you think you have insomnia, contact PCCAB to schedule an appointment. The sleep specialists at PCCAB see patients with insomnia from Baltimore, Towson, Owings Mills, Bel Air, Timonium, Parkville, and the surrounding area.

What Are the Types of Insomnia?

“Primary” insomnia refers to a condition in which the symptoms have been lifelong and usually will require long-term pharmacologic therapy (sleeping medications) of some type. If this is necessary, choosing the right medication is very important.

When insomnia develops later in life, it may be “secondary” to a variety of causes, and as such there may be a variety of treatment options.  Patients who have difficulty initiating sleep may have a psychological cause such as depression or anxiety that may offset the body’s ability to “turn on sleep”. Difficulty initiating sleep may also be caused by a variety of medical conditions including pain syndromes, fibromyalgia, and thyroid disease. Additionally sleep initiation insomnia may be caused by many medications including steroids, beta-blockers, stimulants, and many antidepressant medications such as SSRIs. This type of insomnia also can lead to dependence on hypnotic medications (sleeping pills) that may be undesirable, such that eventual elimination of the medication may be difficult as “rebound insomnia”  may develop.

Conditions that cause difficulty “maintaining” sleep are snoring, sleep apnea, limb movement disorders, and other medical conditions that may cause pain or discomfort.  Very often such patients may not have trouble initially falling asleep initially, yet may have difficulty re-initiating sleep.

Treatment Options for Insomnia

The workup and treatment for insomnia generally include a very thorough review of medical conditions, medications, consideration of schedule changes and circadian influences, as well as possible coexisting conditions such as anxiety or depression (in which case the treatment plan should be done in coordination with physician or therapist following these conditions.)  The treatment approaches may include pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic strategies depending on the pattern of insomnia. While sleep studies are generally not helpful for patients who have difficulty initiating sleep, in patients who have trouble staying asleep, a sleep study/polysomnogram may be considered at some point as well.

Schedule a Sleep Disorder Consultation

The sleep specialists at Pulmonary and Critical Care Associates of Baltimore have extensive experience diagnosing and treating insomnia. If the symptoms of insomnia are negatively affecting your life, you shouldn’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with us. Contact us today to schedule an appointment in Towson or Bel Air. Give us a call at (410) 832-3400 or request an appointment through our secure online form.